Most parties against renationalising EU policies
A resolute no to bringing some policies back under the national umbrella comes from several non-parliamentary parties and lists, with Good State saying "No, we are against nationalist tendencies!". The Greens have a similar view, whereas the Let's Connect list even advocates a common green tax policy.
By introducing a green fiscal policy and with the EU turning into a true social union, the free flow of labour, disloyal competition and tax evasion would be solved in a uniform manner for all member states. "Social justice and equality are the basis for the EU's development," Let's Connect says.
A similar position is held by all coalition and two centre-right opposition parties, with the coalition Modern Centre Party (SMC) advocating for "more rather than less EU", adding it should be in Slovenia's interest to be part of the group of the most integrated members.
The fellow coalition Social Democrats (SD) also believe the EU should get even more integrated, saying the fewer exceptions the better Slovenia's position in the bloc.
The ruling Marjan Šarec List (LMŠ) believes a prerequisite for renationalisation would be harmonising economic and social policies, but does not see it happen in the coming decade.
The coalition Alenka Bratušek Party (SAB) believes "the Slovenians have made major progress since joining the EU in 2004, which is the way to go forward".
But Slovenia must insist its stances are treated in the same manner as those of France and Germany, it says.
Both the SAB and the fellow coalition Pensioners' Party (DeSUS) point to the consequences of member states going solo by highlighting Austria's border checks.
The SAB considers them an attack on the Slovenians who commute to Austria for work, with DeSUS adding every detour from EU values poses a risk the EU "will start crumbling from inside".
"We can see what the Freedom Party's understanding of Schengen in Austria means, what a selfish understanding of the common migration policy in Hungary means and what the rejection of the rule of law in Croatia means," says DeSUS.
The opposition Democrats (SDS) and the non-parliamentary People's Party (SLS), which have a joint list, believe EU members should retain sovereignty in key areas, but all four EU freedoms must be preserved.
The SDS+SLS says the distribution of powers between Brussels and member states as set down in the Lisbon Treaty suits Slovenia, while every change to the EU's legal order would have to be achieved through dialogue.
The fellow opposition New Slovenia (NSi) is also in favour of closer cooperation, noting that introducing any exceptions would foremost harm smaller members.
"But Slovenia should know very well which areas are in the exclusive domain of member states and take good care of them, especially social policies."
Changes would be, on the other hand, welcomed by two opposition parties from the opposite sides of the political spectrum, the Left and the National Party (SNS).
The former believes the EU should change priorities; if it wants to survive, the Union should put aside the freedom of capital, the focus of European integration so far, to put people and the environment at the forefront.
From this aspect, the Left supports a greater degree of fiscal freedom for members states, but also clearer common standards for welfare, environment and climate change as well as clearer standards governing democracy.
The SNS believes renationalisation is absolutely necessary in all areas, saying "individual members' sovereignty should be enhanced" since "European standards are largely at odds with common sense".
Even more change is favoured by two far-right parties, with United Slovenia (ZSi) saying the EU and its legal order are far from ideal. "Our survival depends on ourselves, so we have to be sovereign and independent."
The Homeland League (DOM) believes Slovenia should learn from the former Yugoslavia that multi-national federations do not work. It says excessive red tape, centralisation and democratic deficit are destroying the EU, which has become a tool of globalists working against the prosperity of Europeans.
DOM believes "the tendencies for renationalisation come naturally as a result of the alienation of Brussels elites".