The Slovenia Times

Draft strategy predicts climate neutrality by 2050


The document, which has entered public consultation until 30 September, is "a challenge and an opportunity for sectors" such as transport, energy, industry, agriculture, construction and land use, the ministry said in a press release on Wednesday.

The long-term strategy also sets strategic goals for individual sectors for 2050, which these sectors are expected to follow and integrate in their documents and plans.

One of the visions is that Slovenia becomes carbon neutral by 2050 and a society resilient to climate change, which would be based on sustainable development.

Slovenia is expected to use energy and natural resources efficiently while maintaining a high level of economic competitiveness. Its society is to be based on nature conservation, circular economy, renewable and low-carbon energy sources, sustainable mobility and locally-produced healthy food.

The transition to a carbon neutral society is expected to be inclusive, with respect to the principles of climate justice. Its costs and benefits will be distributed fairly, and the most vulnerable groups will be eligible for mitigation and adjustment measures.

Specifically, Slovenia has set the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80-90% compared to 2005, while improving carbon sinks. In transport, emissions are expected to be reduced by 90-99%.

The same applies to the energy sector, while industry is expected to reduce emissions by 80-87% and the waste management sector by 75-83%. Agriculture is expected to reduce emissions by 5-22%.

"Early activity is key for the strategy to succeed," says the document, which for the period until 2030 is based on the decisions that have already been defined in relevant strategies, which are in fact upgraded by the new document.

There is a clearly defined intention for Slovenia to make its goals for until 2030 even more ambitious and prepare the necessary conditions and measures beforehand.

As part of the adaptation process, municipalities are expected to draft vulnerability assessments by 2021, followed by adaptation strategies a year later. Vulnerability assessments by sectors are to be drafted this year, and adaptation plans by 2022.

When it comes to energy, the document relies on the national energy and climate plan, which calls for a 60% reduction of the use of coal by 60% compared to 2005. A precise timeline for its abolition is expected to be adopted by 2021.

A decision on whether to build a new generator at the Krško Nuclear Power Plant (NEK) is to be made by 2027, while the share of the consumed energy from renewables is to increase to 43% by 2030, mostly on account of solar power.

For the period after 2030, the draft strategy proposes a wide range of renewables, including solar, hydro, geothermal and wind power, as well as wood biomass. Building a power plant on biogenic and synthetic gases is also proposed.

In the transport sector, emissions are expected to be reduced to a minimum by 2050 by means of effective public passenger transport and a modern railway network between urban centres, which would enable fast and frequent connections.

In urban areas, cycling and walking are expected to be the predominant forms of mobility in the future, the strategy says.

The need for mobility and use of cars is expected to be reduced with appropriate planning and use of modern technologies, and the bulk of cargo transport is planned to be moved from road to rail.

Vehicles will be mostly powered by electricity, in addition to renewable or synthetic low-carbon gases, adds the proposal drafted in cooperation with the Energy Efficiency Centre of the Jožef Stefan Institute, the national agricultural and forestry institutes and the transport infrastructure consultancy PNZ.


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